Wenzhong David Zhang

Keywords: Hubble constant, Planck constant, Super photon, mixed two-fluid photons, dynamic circulation, lightly damped oscillator model.

Abstract: The limitations of modern theoretical physics with Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations, including the theories of relativity and quantum mechanics in their standard forms, are briefly reviewed. The foundation of an emerged Super photon theory is introduced. The energy dissipated by a photon during one cycle is elicited as the product of the Planck constant and the Hubble constant. The tiny fragment of the energy dissipated per photon in each cycle is defined as a Super photon. The Super photon is a fundamental unit of dynamic energy and mass. The Super photons and normal photons interact with each other to form a vast thermal bath, and a new description is proposed as mixed two-fluid photons. A lightly damped oscillator model is applied to the propagation of photon particles in space from a mechanical perspective. It is elicited that the Hubble constant is the ratio between the viscous resistance of space and the equivalent inertial mass of the travelling photon particle. The exponential correlation between the Cosmic Redshift and the Hubble constant is derived theoretically using two separate methods. The Super photon theory based on the lightly damped harmonic oscillator model is a kind of the advanced Tired-Light theory.

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